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Bone Marrow/Stem Cell Transplant Frequently Asked Questions
1. What diseases are typically treated with bone marrow/stem cell transplant?
Bone marrow/stem cell transplants are generally used to treat diseases of the blood, the immune system, or genetic disorders. A transplant can replace unhealthy bloodforming cells with healthy ones, or it can replenish blood-forming cells if chemotherapy and radiation destroy them. The diseases and disorders treated with bone marrow, peripheral blood, or cord blood transplantation include:
Multiple myeloma and other plasma cell disorders
Severe aplastic anemia and other marrow failure states including:
Inherited immune system disorders including:
Inherited metabolic disorders including:
Myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative disorders including:
Familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and other histiocytic disorders
Other conditions are also treated with bone marrow/ stem cell transplant, often through clinical trials. (See Question 18)
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